Biography

Abraham Lincoln Biography, Short Biography, Born, President, Leadership, White House, Facts,Information, Childhood, Speech, History, Education

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abraham lincoln biography

Abraham Lincoln Biography, Short Biography, Born, President, Leadership, White House, Facts, Information, Childhood, Speech, History, Education

Abraham Lincoln was America’s 16th President. His tenure lasted from 1861 to 1865. They liberated the people there from the practice of slavery in America. He believed that every caste and people of every society, all are equal, there is no difference in them. Abraham Lincoln was born into a poor black family. He was the first Republican, elected President of the United States. Prior to this, he was a lawyer, legislator of the Illinois State, a member of America’s House of Representatives. Abraham Lincoln achieved success with his courage in America’s biggest fight. Abraham Lincoln was an honest and open-minded person, he could not see the pain of anybody. In this article, we will discuss Abraham Lincoln Biography, Short Biography, Born, President, Leadership, White House, Facts, Information, Childhood, Speech, History, Education.

Abraham Lincoln Short Biography

Full name  Abraham Thomas Lincoln
Born  12 February 1809
Birthplace Hodgenville Kentucky (US)
Death  15 April 1865
Parents Thomas Lincoln, Nancy
Wife Mary Todd
Children Robert, Edward, Willie, and Ted
Business Counsel
Citizenship American
Achievement 16th President of America

Birth of Abraham Lincoln (Abraham Lincoln Birth)

Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky (US). His father, Thomas, was a strong and determined person who was honorable and also respectable in society. Abraham had an elder sister, Sarah and a younger brother Thomas, who died in his childhood. During the dispute of land, Lincoln had to come from Kentucky to Perry County in Indiana in 1817, where his family was living in very difficult circumstances, but Thomas finally bought a land.

When Abraham was 9 years old, his mother died on October 5, 1818, at the age of 34. At that time his world had been decimated and Abraham was going away from his father and at that time he worked hard. In December 1819, one year after Nancy’s death, Thomas married Sarah Bush Johnson, who was a widow herself and had 3 children. She was a very strong and affectionate woman, she had good bonding with Abraham. Both of them were not much-educated, but Sarah encouraged Abraham to read. Thomas was a farmer, he did not have much money, so Abraham’s studies could not be completed. Another reason was that books were not easily available for reading in Indiana, due to which Thomas had to go a long way in taking books. Abraham fulfilled his studies at home.

Abraham Lincoln Education – Education of Abraham Lincoln

In March 1830, Abraham moved to stay in Macon County with his family. Abraham was 22 years old at this time, he came here and started working as a wage laborer. Abraham Lincoln’s height was 6’4 feet, and he was lean and tall, but he was very strong with the body. He used to do small jobs at this time, such as a watchman, shopkeeper etc. But in the end, he opened a general store. All this has been going on for years. Abraham Lincoln took the lead in politics in 1837 and he became the leader of the Whig Party. He contested many elections but because of not having economic development and justice for the poor, they decided that they would become lawyers and he started studying advocacy.

In 1844, Abraham Lincoln got training advocacy with William Herands and after some time he became a lawyer. They did not earn much money by advocating, but they received mental peace and contentment from their advocacy. In front of this, money was not of worth. He was very honest in his work, his stories are still famous.

Lincoln did not take much money from those people who were poor in his own way at the time of advocacy. Once in one case, his client gave him $ 25, but he gave back $ 10 saying that his fee is only 15 dollars. Similarly, after a woman’s hearing once, the lawyer working with him took more money from him, but Abraham asked him to return some money. He was a very honest man. He said that “When someone does good, he feels good and feels bad when he does bad” and that was his religion.

Abraham Lincoln’s Political Career – Abraham Lincoln’s Political Career

Lincoln again stepped into politics in 1854. Because of politics, he stood in many elections. Then he was associated with the Whig Party, but after some time the party was over. In 1856 he became a member of the new Republican. He proved to be a very capable leader of this new party. At this time, he stood for election for the Vice President and he got very few votes, due to which he lost in this election, and he understood the essential map of the nation.

The nation’s full focus was on the verdict of violence in Kansas and the Supreme Court’s decision in the case of Darede Scott, which was in dispute over the issue of slavery in the new state. People liked Lincoln because Lincoln did a lot of work to eliminate the practice of slavery in the country. In a speech, he said that

“nation cannot be divided, half slaves and half cannot live without slaves, all will remain together”.

Seeing Abraham Lincoln’s speech and his work, his name was chosen for President of the United States.

Abraham Lincoln as President

Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th President of the United States in 1860. Even after being elected President, Abraham Lincoln’s attempt was to end the practice of slavery from the nation. The practice of slavery was between South and North states. The white residents of the South State used to call the residents of the northern state for agriculture and wanted to keep them in bondage. But Abraham Lincoln wanted to end the practice of slavery.

Enslaved Africans. The Freeing of Black Slaves and Lincoln’s Thoughts, Image Source: atlantablackstar.com

On February 1, 1861, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas separated and a civil war broke out. As the war grew, Lincoln made a promise to himself and launched an abolitionist movement for the country, and he succeeded in it. In 1863, finally declared the nation mortgage free and declared the document of freedom of the Glamo in the state, but in Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, and Arkansas the slaves did not get freedom from the legal battle screw.

Abraham Lincoln made a very important contribution to America’s civil war, which was a battle for his blood, morality, constitution, and politics. This led him to face many problems.

Abraham Lincoln civil war

There was a civil war between the North American states and the Southern states, which was to end the practice of slavery. White people in the southern states wanted to call black people from the northern states and make them their hostages forever. The southern state wanted to make a country of its own and the northern state wanted to stay united by eliminating slavery. Meanwhile, a civil war broke out between these two states which lasted from 1861 to 1865, and this civil war won by the northern state.

It would not be enough to say that this war was only to eliminate the practice of slavery, but the reason for this war was the result of opposing different ideologies.  Southern states wanted to enslave the slaves from Africa to cultivate in the 17th and 18th centuries, but In the 1801 AD, the northern state had made laws against this practice. The inhabitants of the North were progressing financially in the machine age, and their population started to grow rapidly. But the residents of the South were only based on farming. They did not progress with the era and their population did not grow rapidly.

The front of the war was three –  seas, Mississippi Valley and the state of the East coast. On the South coast, import and export items from Europe were banned and surrendered to the largest city of New Orleans. Even in the Mississippi Valley, the southern state achieved many victories. The beginning of 1863 proved to be very difficult for the North States, but as the war progressed, the battle line was overturned. In 1864, the end of the war started to be visible The states of the North won, and the civil war ended. After the war ended, southern states were not strictly adopted and the legislation to free slaves from slavery was made.

Abraham Lincoln Death History

On April 14, 1865, in a Ford cinema in Washington, DC, the well-known actor and co-criminal John Wilkes Booth murdered Abraham Lincoln. In this way, an honest and the country’s most popular President died.

Abraham Lincoln Quotes | Quotes of Abraham Lincoln

The following are the precious words of Abraham Lincoln:

Most people are happy because they make their brains.
The best thing about the future is that it comes only one day at a time.
The character is like a tree and a reputation is like a shadow. Shadow, which we think about, but the tree is real.
Whatever I am or what I hope, it is dedicated to my angel mother.
Let me cut a tree within 6 hours, for four hours before that I will sharpen the ax.
You cannot escape tomorrow’s responsibility by destroying today.
Things can come for those who wait, but only those things which are pungent.
There is a philosophy of the school room in a generation and in the next, the government will be seen.
Always keep in mind that your own resolve is more important than anyone else to succeed.
Do not worry when you are not recognized, try to be worthy of recognition.
Whoever you are, be a good person
I’m a slow driver, but I never walk back.
Make sure you put your feet in the right place, then stand firm.
A house divided against itself can not stand.
I never had any policy, I just tried to do my best every day.
An important principle can be sustained and sustainable.
If there is someone who can do good, then I say let him do it, give him a chance.
I do not know who my grandfather was, but I want to know what will be his grandson.
You should see yourself growing, it does not matter how long your grandfather is.
Do not leave anything for tomorrow, which can be done today.
They have the right to criticize, who has the heart to help.

Albert Einstein Biography, AutoBiography, Inventions, Mathematician, Life Story, Facts, Discover, Quotes

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Albert Einstein Biography

Albert Einstein Biography, AutoBiography, Inventions, Mathematician, Life Story, Facts, Discover, and Quotes

Albert Einstein is a world-renowned scientist and theoretical physicist. He developed the theory of general relativity. His name is also famous for influencing the philosophy of science. Albert Einstein’s world’s famous equation is E = MC square, which is also known as the equation of mass and energy. So today in this article we will discuss Albert Einstein Biography, AutoBiography, Inventions, Mathematician, Life Story, Facts, Discover, Quotes

Life history of Albert Einstein in short

Albert Einstein invented many inventions and out of which many were recorded on Einstein’s name in history. He was a successful and very intelligent scientist. In modern times, they have contributed a lot to simplifying physics. In 1921 Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his invention. Albert Einstein achieved this position by working very hard. He was also very interested in mathematics. He invented many ways to explain physics in a simple way, which is inspiring for the people.

Albert Einstein’s Birth and Education – Albert Einstein Education

Albert Einstein was born on 14 March 1879 in the city of Ulm in Germany. But they grew up in the Munich city of Germany, and this was the beginning of their education. He was very weak in his childhood studies and some of his teachers started calling him mentally disabled. They did not know to speak until the age of 9. They used to be spellbound in the rules of Nature, the direction of the compass needle and about the space etc. He started playing the violin at the age of 6 and continued to play it in his entire life. At the age of 12, he searched for geometry and found out his awareness and some evidence. At the age of 16, he used to solve difficult problems of mathematics.

Albert Einstein’s secondary education was finished by the age of 16. They did not like school, and they started planning to find opportunities to go to univesrity wihout bothering to anyone. His teacher removed him from college, because his behavior was not good, due to which his classmates were affected. Albert Einstein began to try to go to the Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, Switzerland, but he failed in the admission test there. Then his professor advised that first of all he should do a diploma in Cantonal School in Aura, Switzerland. After that, they will automatically get admission in Federal Institute of Technology. He understood the advice of the professor, he was very much interested to go there and he was good at physics and mathematics. In 1896 he got success to get admission there.

In the year 1900, Albert Einstein passed his graduation examination from the Federal Institute of Technology, but one of his teachers was against him, he said Einstein was not eligible for the European University Assistantship. After some time he married Marius 6 months later, who was a classmate with him in Zurich. They had 2 sons, then they were in Bern and they were 26 years old. At that time, he received his doctorate and wrote his first revolutionary science-related document.

Albert Einstein Career

Albert Einstein published many documents on science and fication due to which he became famous. They had to work hard in the university for the job. After a lecturer’s job in Berne University in 1909, Einstein gave his name for the job of assistant professor at the University of Zurich. Two years later, he was elected to Professor at German University in Prague City, Kozhkoslovakia. Also within 6 months, they became professors in the Federal Institute of Technology. In 1913 a well-known scientist Max Plank and Walther Nürnst came to Zurich and he encouraged Einstein for a profitable research professor at Berlin University in Germany and he also gave him full membership of the Prussian Academy of Science, Einstein accepted this opportunity. When he went to Berlin, his wife was living with his two children in Zurich and they got divorced. Einstein married Elsa in 1917.

In 1920, Einstein was elected to the Honorary Professor of Life in Leiden University, Holland. After this, he also received many awards. After this, his career reached a new stop. At this time, Einstein left the California Institute of Technology, this was his last trip in the United States. They went there in 1933.

Einstein made a very important contribution to the structure of an atomic bomb in 1939. In 1945, Einstein invented his famous equation E = MC square.

What did Albert Einstein invent and discover | Albert Einstein Inventions

Albert Einstein invented many inventions, for which his name began to be counted among famous scientists. Some of his inventions are as follows:

Quantum Theory of Light – In Quantum Theory of Light,  Einstein’s assumed small particle of energy called a photon, which has a wave-like characteristic. In his theory, he explained the emission of electrons with some metals. They composed the photo electric effect. After this theory, he invented television, which is shown through art science. Many such devices have been invented in modern times.

E = MC square – Einstein has certified an equation between mass and energy; today it is called Nuclear energy.

Brownian Movement – This can be called Albert Einstein’s biggest and best search, where he observed the jig-zeg movement in the suspension of atoms, which is helpful in the evidence of the existence of molecules and atoms. We all know that in today’s time science is used in many fields.

Special Theory of Relativity – In this theory Albert Einstein explained the relation between time and speed. The speed of light in the universe is described as continuous and in accordance with the rule of nature.

General Theory of Relativity – Albert Einstein proposed that gravitational space-time is the Curve area in the Continent, which tells of the masses.

The Manpower Project – Albert Einstein created the Manpower Project, a research that supports the United States. He proposed the atomic bomb in 1945. After that, he taught to destroy the atomic bomb in Japan during World War.

Einstein’s Refrigerator – This was Albert Einstein’s smallest invention, for which he became famous. Einstein invented the refrigerator that contains ammonia, water, and butane and the maximum energy can be used. He invented the refrigerator by keeping many features in it.

The sky is blue – it is a very simple proof that why the sky is blue, but Albert Einstein has presented a lot of arguments on this too. In this way, Albert Einstein invented many, for which his name became famous in history.

Interesting facts about Albert Einstein – Albert Einstein interesting facts

Albert Einstein called himself a skeptic, he did not call himself an atheist.
Albert Einstein used to solve all the experiments in his mind.
Albert Einstein used to be weak in the study and speaking in childhood.
After Albert Einstein’s death a scientist stole his mind, then he was locked in a jar for 20 years.
Albert Einstein also received the Nobel Prize, but he could not get his money.
Albert Einstein also got the opportunity for President’s post.
Albert Einstein has also failed in University’s admission test.
Because Albert Einstein’s memory was very bad, he did not remember anyone’s name, number.
Albert Einstein’s eyes are kept in a safe compartment.
Albert Einstein did not own a car, so he did not even have to drive.
Albert Einstein always said that “practice is the key to success”.

Albert Einstein Quotes

Time is very short, if we have to do something then we should start from now.
You must learn the rules of the game and you will play better than any player.
There is only one difference in foolishness and intelligence that there is a limit to intelligence.

Albert Einstein Awards

Albert Einstein received the following awards.

The Nobel Prize in Physics was given in 1921.
Matthuukki Madel was given in the year 1921.
Kopale Madel was given in 1925.
Max Plank Madel was given in 1929.
Centennial Time Person Award was given in 1999.

Death of Albert Einstein (Albert Einstein Death)

When Hitler’s royal came in Germany, Albert Einstein had to leave Germany because he was Jewish and had to stay in the US New Jersey. Albert Einstein was serving his services at Princeton College and at the same time he died on 18 April 1955.

Aryabhatta Biography, His Inventions, Family, Photo, Wikipedia

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Aryabhatta Biography

Aryabhatta Biography, His Inventions, Family, Photo, Wikipedia

Aryabhatta was a great mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer from ancient India. At that time many Indian scholars, such as Varahamihir, Brahmagupta, Bhaskaracharya, Kamlakar, etc. also include the name of Aryabhata. So today in this article we will discuss Aryabhatta Biography.

Brief introduction of Aryabhata (Aryabhatta Biography)

Born  December, AD 476
Death in December, AD 550 [74 years]
Birthplace  Ashmak, Maharashtra, India
Title Vertical mathematicians, astrologers, and astronomers
Workplace  Nalanda University
Compositions  Aryabhatiya, Aryabhata Theory
Contributed and discovered the zero

Aryabhatta Birth and Early Life

There is no concrete evidence regarding the birth of Aryabhatta, but it is said that at the time of Lord Buddha, some people of the Ashmak nation were settled in the middle of Narmada river and Godavari river in India. It is believed that Aryabhatta was also born in 476 AD at that place.

According to Wikipedia, Aryabhatta was born in Patna in Bihar, whose ancient name was Pataliputra, near which Kusumpur is considered as his birthplace.

Aryabhatta Education

There is not enough information available to historians in this regard, but it is clearly known that Aryabhatta had gone to Kusumpur to get higher education at any time during his lifetime, which was then a famous university for higher education.

Aryabhatta work and contribution

Aryabhata composed many works on mathematics and astronomy, some of these works have become extinct. But even today many compositions are used, such as Aryabhatiya.

What is Aryabhatiya

This is a mathematical form of Aryabhatta, which has a detailed description of arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry. It also includes continuous Fractions, Quadratic Equations, table of Sines, Sums of Power Series, and so on.

Aryabhatta’s work mainly describes this composition [Aryabhatiya]. Probably this name was not even named by Aryabhatt himself, but later reviewers gave it the name. Bhaskar I, who was a disciple of Aryabhatta, used to call this composition the Ashmaka. It is also commonly called Aryabhata’s 108 because it has 108 verses/verses. It is divided into 4 posts or chapters; Those chapters are as follows:

GeetikaPaad [13 verses]
GanitaPad [33 verses],
KaalkriyaPaad [25 verses],
Golpad [50 verses]

Arya – Principle (Arya Siddhanta)

This composition of Aryabhatta is not fully available. But there are descriptions of the use of many astronomical instruments in its residues, such as gnomon, Shadow Instrument, Cylindrical Stick, Umbrella Shaped Device, Water Clock, Angle Measuring Device, Dhanur – Yantra / Chakra Vignan [Semi – Circular / Circular Instrument], etc. In this composition, the Sun Principle has been used. In sun theory, sunrise is neglected and it uses semi-night calculations.

Aryabhatta contribution

Aryabhata contributed a lot in the field of mathematics and astronomy, some of which are as follows:

Contributions as a mathematician (Aryabhatta contribution to mathematics)

Pai’s search history

Aryabhatta discovered the value of pie, the description of it found in Aryabhatiya’s Mathematics volume-10. they wrote:

Add four to one hundred, then multiply by eight, and then add 62,000 and take quotient from 20,000, the answer obtained will be the value of pi meaning i.e.

[(4 + 100) * 8 + 62,000] / 20,000 = 62,832 / 20,000 = 3.1416

The search of zero

History of zero in mathematics – Aryabhata discovered zero, which is the best search for mathematics, due to which calculations are possible because it increases the value of 10 times as long as it is zero after any number.

Trigonometry (Aryabhatta contribution trigonometry)

Aryabhatiya’s mathematical verse 6 speaks of the area of the triangle. Aryabhatt has also considered Concept of Sine, which he has named as ‘Half-Chord’. For simplicity, it is called ‘Sine’.

Algebra (Aryabhatta algebra)

Aryabhatta

has also described the proper result of the addition of a series of squares and cubes in Aryabhatiya:

12 + 22 + ………… + n2 = [n (n + 1) (2n + 1)] / 6

&

13 + 23+ ………… .. + n3 = (1 + 2 + ……… .. + n) 2

Contributions as an astronomer (Aryabhatta as an astronomer)

The principles of Aryabhatta’s astronomy are collectively called the Audayaka System. In some of his later creations, it is said that earth revolves around the sun, and they also believed that the orbit of the Earth is not circular, but elliptical.

As an example, if a person is sitting in a boat or train, and when a boat or train moves forward, then it seems to be moving trees, houses, etc. backward, while this does not happen. Similarly, the constant constellation from the moving earth appears to be in the opposite direction. We seem to be so because the earth has rotated on its axis and its mobility creates this illusion.

The Motions of the Solar System

Aryabhatta established that the earth is constantly moving on its axis and here are the reasons that the position of the stars in the sky varies. The exact opposite of this fact is that the sky revolves. They have also described it in Aryabhatiya.

Sidereal Periods

Aryabhatta found the exact time of the revolution of the Earth. Aryabhatta said the earth rotates on its axis, not in exactly 24 hours but it rotates in 23 hours 56 minutes 1 second. Thus, we have 365 days, 6 hours, 12 minutes and 30 seconds in our first year.

So this is Aryabhatta Biography. From the biography, it is clear that really Aryabhatta was the great scientist of India. His inventions were really useful for modern mathematics. If you like this article then please like and share this on Facebook.

 

Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam, Age, Educational Qualification, Death, Awards, Net worth

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Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam, Age, Educational Qualification, Death, Awards, Net worth

Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam is the name which is known by everyone in this entire world. Kalam was such a great man of India that he has scattered the brightness of his knowledge and wisdom all around the world. Today in this article we will discuss about Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam.

Abul Pakir Jainulabdin (A.P.J. Abdul Kalam) has been President of India from 2002 to 2007. His profession changed from scientist to a politician. Kalam was born in Rameshwaram, Tamilnadu and he was the eldest in his family. He completed his education in physical science and space technology engineering.

Kalam spent 40 years of his life as a scientific and scientific manager in Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), and also acquainted with the Indian Civilian Space Program and the Military Missile Development.

They are also known by India as the “Missile Man” for their commendable work in the technology of Ofballistic missile and vehicle manufacturing. They are also involved in the principal institutions. He also played an important role politically for India’s “Pokhran / Nuclear” test of 1998, which was India’s first Nuclear Test since 1974.

Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India with the support of Bharatiya Janata Party and Opposition Indian National Congress in 2002. He was mostly considered “the presidents of the common people,” and after some time they became fully engaged in their civilian life and social work. He has also been entitled to many awards and one of them was “Bharat Ratna”.

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam early life story & education – Life and Education

Abul Pakir Jainulabdin Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, during pilgrimage to a Tamil Muslim family, at Rameswaram on Pamban Island, which was earlier in Madras and now it is in Tamil Nadu state. His father was a boat driver and Imam of a nearby local mosque. His mother Ashima was a housewife. His father had purchased a boat which left the Hindu pilgrims from one end to the other, who came to Rameswaram .

Kalam was the youngest of his four brothers and he had a sister too. K Kalam’s ancestors were landlord and were very rich. he had left a lot of land for him. His main business was to trade cereals from Sri Lanka and to take the pilgrims from one place to another who came to Rameshwaram , such as Pamban from Rameswaram.

Along with the inauguration of the Pamban Bridge in 1914, the business of his family closed completely and over the time he had lost all his land, and had also separated from his old home. During Kalam’s childhood, his family became poor, and he used to do newspaper work at a younger age for the purpose of helping his family.

In his school year, Kalam was called an ordinary student, but at the same time he was called a promising, smart and hard-working student, as well as a student wishing to learn. They studied for hours, especially the subjects of mathematics.

After completing his studies from the Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramnathapuram, Kalam went to  Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli for study. He completed his graduation in physics from the University of Madras University in 1954.

Later, he went to Madras in 1955, where he studied Space Technology Engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology. When Kalam was working on a higher class project, Dean was unhappy with his progress and he also threatened Kalam to abolish scholarship and make the project right in three days.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam death: A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Death

On July 27, 2015, Kalam went to the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong to give a speech on “Creating A Livable Planet Earth”, and around 6:35 pm IST, after 5 minutes of their speech, they fell down. They were taken to the nearby Bethany hospital in the same condition in a hurry, where there was no signs of life were visible. It was decided before he was taken to another place that he had died of sudden cardiovascular disorder.

So we can say that APJ Adbul Kalam was the great man of India, and we will always remember him. So this was Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam. If you love this article then please do comment and like us on Facebook.

 

Rahul Gandhi Biography, Age, Educational Qualification, Political Career, Net Worth

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Rahul Gandhi Biography, Age, Educational Qualification, Political Career, Net Worth

Rahul Gandhi Biography

Rahul Gandhi is the name in Indian Politics which is known by everyone not only in India but also in overseas. Rahul Gandhi is the son of Late. Sh. Rajiv Gandhi, former Indian Prime Minisiter in decade of 90’s and Smt. Sonia Gandhi. Rahul Gandhi is the Chairman of Indian National Congress and has very dynamic personality. So today in this article we will discuss about Rahul Gandhi Biography, his personal info and his political career.

Full name – Rahul Rajiv Gandhi
Birth – 19 June 1970
Birthplace – Delhi
Father – Rajiv Firoz Gandhi
Mother – Sonia Gandhi
Educational Qualification – Developmental Education from the University of Cambridge

Biography of Rahul Gandhi ( Rahul Gandhi Biography)

Rahul Gandhi is the fourth generation of  Indian politician of Nehru-Gandhi family. He is the current president of the Indian National Congress and at the same time, Rahul Gandhi is the President of the Indian National Students Union and the President of the National Youth Congress. Just a short time ago, he was appointed as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee. Rahul Gandhi is also a member of the Parliament and also representing the Amethi constituency.

At present, he is considered as the first member of the Congress Committee. They belong to the family of those brave people who played a key role in Indian politics in Indian history. His great grandfather Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. His grandmother, Indira Gandhi was the first woman Prime Minister of India.

Indira Gandhi had left a strong influence on India with her political knowledge, she was considered a powerful woman politically. His father Rajiv Gandhi was the President of Indian National Congress and also the Prime Minister of India. His mother Sonia Gandhi was the president of the Congress before Rahul Gandhi. Rahul Gandhi is known as the new face of Congress in the coming elections.

Rahul Gandhi’s Personal Life –  Rahul Gandhi Early Life

Rahul Gandhi / Rahul Gandhi was born on June 19, 1970 in Delhi. He was the eldest of the two children of the former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. His mother Sonia Gandhi is from Italy, but she has accepted the citizenship of India right now. His younger sister Priyanka Vadra married with businessman Robert Vadra.

Rahul Gandhi Educational Qualification

Rahul Gandhi took his primary education from St. Columbia School, Delhi, and later from 1981 to 1983 he went to Doon School, Dehradun, Uttarakhand to study.

So far, in his life, he was in great trouble. Indira Gandhi was assassinated on October 31, 1984, who brought Rajiv Gandhi into politics, and consequently he was also appointed as the Prime Minister of India. The Gandhi family had strongly opposed the Sikh community at that time, due to which the family was provided with security in that period. As a result, due to opposition, Rahul and his sister Priyanka were given education at home.

In 1989 he joined Delhi’s Kensent Stephen College and after completing his first year of studies, he went to Howard University. And at the same time, another incident happened with his father. Rajiv Gandhi was also murdered by the LTTE in 1991. While re-entering the security, Rahul was sent to Rollins College, Florida where he completed his BA in 1994. At that time it was believed that only his security agency and the university committee knew his true identity. He completed his M.Phil in 1995 and with this he received developmental education from Cambridge University.

After his graduation, for 3 years, Rahul Gandhi worked for the Monitor Group of London, which was the advisory body of management guru Michael Porter. After coming back to India in late 2002, he became the chairman of Technology Outsourcing Firm and BoscoPass Services Pvt Ltd, Mumbai.

Since 2002, Rahul Gandhi is continuously active in Indian Politics.

Rahul Gandhi Biography in Brief

Real Name Rahul Gandhi
Nickname Rahul
Profession Indian Politician
Age 47 Years
Date of Birth 19-Jun-70
Birthplace New Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Star Sign/ Zodiac Sign Gemini
Caste Not Known
Hometown New Delhi, India (Ancestral origin – Lusiana, Italy)
Debut In 2004, when he announced to contest Lok Sabha elections from Amethi in Uttar Pradesh
Height in Centimeters 170 cm
Height in meters 1.70 m
Height in Inches 5’ 7”
Weight in Kilograms 62 kg
Weight in Pounds 137 lbs
Body Measurements 42-36-14 Inches
Chest Size 42 Inches
Waist Size 36 Inches
Biceps Size 14 Inches
Shoe Size 10 Inches
Eye Color Dark Brown
Hair Color Black
Father Rajiv Gandhi
Mother Sonia Gandhi
Brother N/A
Sister Priyanka Gandhi
Religion Hinduism
Marital Status Unmarried
Girlfriends Veronique Cartelli (a Spanish architect) living in Venezuela
Wife/ Spouse N/A
Son N/A
Daughter N/A
Education and School, College
Educational Qualification Bachelor of Arts from Rollins College, Florida, United States
M.Phil from Trinity College, Cambridge, England
School St. Columba’s School, Delhi, India
The Doon School, The Mall Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
College/ University St. Stephen’s College, Delhi, India
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida, U.S.
Trinity College, Cambridge, England
Hobbies Reading, Travelling
Net Worth $1 billion

So this was about Rahul Gandhi Biography in this article. Hope you have enjoyed this. If you like this article then Please like and share this on Facebook.

Rabindranath Tagore Biography, Poems, Quotes, Age, Death, Educational Qualification

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Rabindranath Tagore Biography, Poems, Quotes, Age, Death, Educational Qualification

Rabindranath Tagore Biography

Rabindranath Tagore is such a personality of India which is very difficult to utter in words. If we write or tell anything about Rabindranath Tagore, words will be reduced. He was rich in such talent, whose whole life can be an inspiration or learning. He is one of the rare writers who can not be found easily anywhere. After many ages, they were born on the earth and, they are blessed with this earth. They are such an image that, from their birth to death, they learn something. Not only this, but even rich people of such a personality leave an immortalized impression even after death. The person whose learning can take up to this day. So in this article we will discuss about Rabindranath Tagore Biography.

Born 7 May 1861
Father Shri Devender Nath Tagore
Mother Shree Sharda Devi
Religion hindu
Nationality Indian
Language Bengali, English
Title Writer and Painter
Head composition Gitanjali
Award Nobel Prize
Died 7-Aug-41

Biography of Rabindranath Tagore (Rabindranath Tagore Biography)

Rabindranath Tagore was had very rich and versatile personality. He was born in Kolkata (Calcutta of that time) in a very rich Bengali family. His father name was Devendranath Tagore who was the senior leader of Bramha Samaj. His father was very intellignent and powerful in their time. He had very simple personality. Rabindranath Tagore’s mother name was Sharda Devi who was a housewife and a very simple lady. Tagore took birth in 7 May 1861 and he was the youngest in his family. After growing up he was famous as Gurudev. 

Rabindranath Tagore Education

Ravindranath Tagore was very intelligent from his childhood. They got his early education from Kolkata’s famous school St. Xavier. His father was dedicated to the society and that is why he wanted that his youngest son Ravindranath become an advocate. But on the other hand Ravindranath had the interest in literature. His father admitted him in Landon University for the education of Barrister, but was failed in that because he did not have any interest in that subject and that’s why he came back to India without any degree in 1880.

Ravindranath Tagore Marriage

Ravindranath Tagore was tied with the rope of marrige in 1883 with Mranalini Devi.

Some Famous poetry of Ravindranath Tagore

Ravindranath had interest in many topics and in every field he scattered his fame. He was a great poet, writer, artist and very good social worker. He also wrote many articles about Indian Freedom during British Govt. It is said that in when children plays in their childhood, at that age Ravindranath wrote his first poem. When Ravindranath wrote his first poem then his age was only 8 years. When he entred in his adolescence at the age of 16, he wrote a short story. He created about 2230 songs on different topics on Indian Culture. His most creations was on Bengali.

Work style of Ravindranath Tagore

Ravindranath was an unstoppable man who believed in continuous work. Tagore did a lot of social works for mankind, and out of them one is the foundation of Shanti Niketan. The foundation of Shanti Niketan was the dream of Gurudev which he completed in 1901. He wanted that every student get his education near nature so that he can get very good atmosphere, and that is why Ravindranath mainted treas and plants in the campus of Shanti Niketan which made Shanti Niketan very natural. He also founded a library there for students. After efforts of Ravindranath Shanti Niketan got the lable of University where many students of Art and Literature got there studies.

Achievement of Ravindranath Tagore

  • In 1931 Ravindranath Tagore was honoure with most prestigious award of the world Nobel Prize for his createion Gitanjali.
  • Ravindranath gave India’s and Bangladesh’s National Anthem. Jan Man Gan for Indian and Aamar Sonar Bangla for Bangladesh.
  • Ravindranath Tagore was the only person from Indian who met great scientist of the world Sir Elbert Einsteen three times which is a record in itself.

Ravindranath Tagore Death

Ravindranath Tagare was died on 7 august 1941 in Kolkata, but he will be immortal always in the heart of art lovers. So this was Ravnindranath Tagore Biography, hope you have enjoyed this.

 

 

 

 

 

Narendra Modi Educational Qualification, Biography, Wiki, Height, Weight

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Narendra Modi Educational Qualification, Biography, Wiki, Height, Weight

Narendra Modi biography & wiki

Let’s discuss Narendra Modi Educational Qualification” Biography, Wiki, Height, Weight Biography, Wiki, Height, Weight in this article.  Narendra Modi was born on September 17, 1950 in the Pansari family of Mehsana district of Vadnagar, his family belongs to the Mod-Ghanchi-Teli sect, which falls in the other backward classes of the Indian government. He was the third of six children, of Damodardas Mulchand and Hiraben Modi. As a child Narendra Modi used to help to sell his father’s tea at Vadnagar railway station, and after some time he started running his own tea stall near the bus stand along with his brother.

Full name – Narendra Damodardas Modi
Date of Birth – September 17, 1950
Birthplace – Vadnagar, Dist. Mehsana (Gujarat)
Father – Damodar Das Mulchand Modi
Mother – Hiraben Modi
Marriage – with Jashodaben

Narendra Modi Educational Qualification & Earlier Life

He got his higher secondary education from Vadnagar in 1967, his teacher told him that he was a great debater with a simple student. The teachers also honored him for his eloquence in the debate. When Modi made a play, he played a role which was bigger than his life, and the impact of this also came to his political life.

Modi ji started attending for training in the local branches of RSS at 8 years of age and he met Laxmanrao Inamdar, who was also known as ‘Waqeel Saheb’, who appointed Modi as RSS’s child-welfare minister, and he also became Modi’s political adviser. When Modi was taking his training in RSS, he met Vasant Gajendra Gadhkar and Nathalal Jaghada, leaders of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh who later became the BJP’s member in Gujarat in 1980.

At the young age, he was married with a local girl Jashodaben, Narendra Modi was graduated from high school at the same time, so he rejected his marriage. And due to family conflicts, he had to leave his house in 1967. As a result, he spent his time in North and North-East journeys.

In the interview, Modi also mentioned the Hindu Ashram founded by Swami Vivekananda, as well as the Belur Math in Kolkata, the Advaiti Ashram of Almora and the Ramakrishna Mission of Rajkot. At every place, they stayed for a short time, because they did not have any college education.

Modi visited the Belur Math in 1968 and soon he was removed from there, and then Modi traveled to Calcutta, West Bengal and Assam and Guwahati routes. Then in the end, he went to Ramkrishna Ashram in Almora, where he was again removed due to lack of higher education and then he moved to Delhi and Rajasthan and then they returned back to Gujarat in 1968-69.

Sometimes he had visited Vadnagar once or twice before leaving Ahmedabad around 1969-70. He later started living with his uncle, who worked only at Road Transport Corporation of Gujarat. In Ahmedabad, Modi introduced himself to Inamdar, who was present at the Headquarters (RSS head office).

After the Indo-Pak war of 1971, he stopped working for his uncle and became a full-time RSS publisher. In 1978, Modi became a RSS preacher and got a degree in political science from Delhi Vidyalaya. And after five years, he got master and Arts degree from the Gujarat School in Political Science.

Narendra Modi Political Life

Narendra Modi ji dedicated his entire life to politics after joining the RSS in 1971. In 1975-77, when political conflicts were going on, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared an emergency in states and closure of organizations like RSS. Then Modi wrote a book secretly named “Sangharsh Maa Gujarat”, in which he described the politics of Gujarat.

In 1978, Modi graduated in Delhi from ‘Rajya Shastra ‘ and finished his Master’s work in Gujarat University in 1983. In 1987, Narendra Modi joined the Bharatiya Janata Party, he went ahead in those days in BJP and did many work of social interest in the BJP. He promoted Business Privatisation, Small Business. In 1995 Modi was appointed by the form of the National Minister, his biggest hand in advancing BJP in the 1998 elections.

In February 2002, when Modi was serving as Chief Minister of Gujarat , Someone attacked the incoming train, which was allegedly done by Muslims. And with the revenge / intention of the return, Gulberg’s Muslims were also attacked. In this way violence has increased, due to this the Modi government had to announce the curfew at that time.

After some time there was peace in both the communities and then many people of the Modi government criticized in the entire country that more than 1000 Muslims were killed in that attack. After setting up 2 probe committee against Modi, the Supreme Court found that there is no witness against Modi which could convince him.

And later Modi was again appointed Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2007 and 2012. And since then the Modi  started paying lesser attention in Hindusm and more attention in economic development. The credit for Gujarat’s expansion and progress is still given to Modi. Today, his Gujarat model is famous for the entire nation because he has removed poverty from Gujarat and increased his work.

Appointment as Prime Minister of India

In the June 2013 Lok Sabha elections, Modi was declared as Prime Minister candidate from BJP. Where many people had already assumed them as the Prime Minister of India. Many people believed that Modi has the power to change the economic condition of India and to develop India and in the end of May 2014, he and his party registered 282 of the 534 Lok Sabha seats in the Lok Sabha elections which was a historicla win. And with this, he defeated the Indian National Congress, which has been handling Indian politics since the last 60 years. And the Indian public had shown that at that time they wanted to make changes in India as Modi.

Famous slogan of 2014:  Abki Baar Modi Sarkaar & Acche Din Aane wale hain.

Narendra Mode Educational Qualificatio, Wiki & Biography in Short

Real Name Narendra Damodardas Modi
Nickname NaMo
Profession Indian Politician
Age 67 Years
Date of Birth 17-Sep-50
Birthplace Vadnagar, Bombay State (presently Gujarat), India
Nationality Indian
Star Sign/ Zodiac Sign Virgo
Caste OBC (Modh Ghanchi)
Party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Height in Inches 5’ 7”
Weight in Kilograms 78 kg
Body Measurements 40-34-14 Inches
Chest Size 40 Inches
Waist Size 34 Inches
Biceps Size 14 Inches
Shoe Size 10 Inches
Eye Color Dark Brown
Hair Color Black
Educational Qualification BA in Political Science (a distance-education course from Delhi University), MA in Political Science from Gujarat University
School Higher Secondary School, Vadnagar, Gujarat
College/ University Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, India, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
Favorite Politician Syama Prasad Mukherjee, Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Favorite Leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda
Hobbies Doing Yoga, Reading
Net Worth 1.41 Crore INR (as in 2014)
Salary 1.58 Lakh INR
House Address 7 Race Course Road, New Delhi
Office Fax Number +91-11-23019545, 23016857
YouTube Channel youtube.com/user/narendramodi
Facebook facebook.com/narendramodi.official
Twitter twitter.com/narendramodi
Google+ plus.google.com/+NarendraModi

महात्मा गांधी का इतिहास एवं जीवन परिचय | Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi | Biography | Information

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महात्मा गांधी का इतिहास एवं जीवन परिचय | Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi | Biography | Information

इस आर्टिकल में हम आपको महात्मा गांधी का इतिहास एवं जीवन परिचय (Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi) के बारे में विस्तार से बताएँगे | महात्मा गाँधी के जीवन (Mahatma Gandhi Biography) के जीवन के बारे में बहुत ही कम लोग जानते हैं | आज इस आर्टिकल में सारी जानकारी (Information) विस्तार से बताएँगे |

महात्मा गांधी का इतिहास एवं जीवन परिचय | Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi

गाँधी जी का जन्म 2 अक्टूबर सन १८६९ को गुजरात के पोरबंदर, काठियावाड़, भारत में हुआ था | जिस समय गाँधी जी का जन्म हुआ उस समय भारत ब्रिटिश यानि अंग्रेजो को गुलाम था | उस समय अंग्रेज भारतियों पर बहुत जुल्म करते थे इसका प्रभाव बालक गाँधी पर पड़ा और बड़ा होकर ये बालक महान क्रन्तिकारी महात्मा गाँधी बना | महात्मा गांधी ने भारत की आजादी में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभायी थी | गांधी ने भारतीय नागरिकों के अधिकारों की रक्षा के लिए इंग्लैंड में जाकर वकालत की थी | वे सत्य और अहिंसा के पुजारी थे भारत उन्हें राष्ट्र पिता के रूप में जानता है |

गाँधी जी का परिवार

गाँधी जी के पिता का नाम करमचंद गाँधी था जो कि पोरबंदर में पश्चिम भारत के एक मुख्यमंत्री के रूप में कार्यरत थे | उनकी माता का नाम पुलती बाई था जो कि एक धार्मिक महिला थी और प्रतिदिन व्रत रखा करती थी |

गाँधी जी का विवाह १३ वर्ष की उम्र में ही हो गया था उस समय वे एक बहुत ही सरल बालक थे | उनका विवाह एक व्यापारी की बेटी कस्तूरबा से हुआ था | सन १८८५ में गाँधी जी के पिता का स्वर्गवास हो गया और उसके कुछ समय बाद ही गाँधी जी का युवा पुत्र भी आकस्मिक मृत्यु को प्राप्त हो गया, लेकिन गाँधी जी इससे बिलकुल भी नहीं टूटे | सन १९८८ में गाँधी जी की चार पुत्रिया हुई | इसके बाद गाँधी जी के 2 पुत्र हुए |

 

mahatma gandhi family

 

गाँधी जी की प्रारंभिक शिक्षा

गाँधी जी अपनी युवा अवस्था में बहुत ही शर्मीले और सीधे साधे छात्र थे | कहते हैं की गाँधी जी इतने सीधे साधे थे की वे सोते समय रौशनी से भी शरमाते थे | जब गाँधी किशोरे अवस्था से गुजर रहे थे तो उन्होंने मीट मांस, अंडा, धूम्रपान आदि न करने का प्रण कर लिया था |

गाँधी जी बचपन से डॉक्टर बनकर गरीबों की मदद करना चाहते थे लेकिन गाँधी जी के पिता चाहते थे की वे ब्रिटिश सरकार में मंत्री बने और इसी लिए उनके पिता ने उन्हें वकालत की पढ़ाई के लिए लन्दन, इंग्लैंड भेज दिया | गाँधी जी १८८८ में १८ वर्ष की आयु में इंग्लैंड चले गए | वहां उन्हें गोर काले की नस्ल वाद प्रथा का भी सामना करना पड़ा था |

 

 

 

गाँधी जी का धर्म औरविश्वास

गाँधी जी विष्णु जी को अपना इष्ट मानते थे | इतना ही नहीं वे जैन धर्म में भी काफी विश्वास रखते थे | जैन धर्म के मोलिक शिक्षाओं जैसे सत्य एवं अहिंसा का उनके जीवन पर अमिट प्रभाव था | गाँधी जी शुरुआत से ही यानी बचपन से ही अहिंसा, व्रत रखना तथा शाकाहारी जीवन में पूरा विश्वास रखते थे |

 

 

जब गाँधी जी लन्दन में पहली बार सन १८८१ से १८९१ के दोरान गए तो उन्होंने वहाँ के लोगों को देखकर शाकाहारी रहने का द्रढ़ संकल्प ले लिया और इतना ही नहीं उन्होंने लन्दन की एग्जीक्यूटिव कमिटी फॉर वेगेटेरियन भी ज्वाइन कर लिया | वहां वे धार्मिक साहित्य एवं महान पुरुषों की जीवनिया पढ़ा करते थे |

जब गाँधी जी साउथ अफ्रीका में थे तो उन्होंने विश्व के धर्मो के साहित्य को पढना जारी रखा | उन्होंने कहा था की “धार्मिक विचार जो मेरे में है उससे मुझे ताकत मिलती है” | उन्होंने सादा जीवन और उच्च विचार की जीवन शैली को अपनाए रखा था | वे भगवत गीता में अटूट विश्वास रखते थे तथा जहाँ भी रहते गीता का नित्य प्रति अध्ययन करते |

 

गाँधी जी का आश्रम एवं जाती प्रथा

सन १९१५ में गाँधी जी ने अहमदाबाद में एक आश्रम की स्थापना की थी | यह आश्रम सभी जातियों एवं धर्मो के लोगों के लिए खुला था | गाँधी जी इस आश्रम में बहुत ही सादगी एवं सरल जीवन यापन कर रहे थे और लोगों को सन्मार्ग पर लेकर जा रहे थे | तभी लोगों ने उन्हें महात्मा कहना आरंभ कर दिया क्योकि उन्होंने दूसरों के भले के लिए अपने जीवन के सुनहरे समय का त्याग कर दिया था |

भारत में जाती प्रथा आदि काल से ही रही है तथा कहा जाता है कि यह भारत की जड़ो में समायी होई है | भारत में लोग जात पात के नाम पर एक दुसरे से लड़ते झगड़ते रहते थे और एक दुसरे को नीचा दिखाने की कोशिश करते रहते थे | अंग्रेजों ने इसका भरपूर फायदा उठाया था | उन्होंने भारतीय राजाओं को जात पात और उंच नीच के नाम पर लडवाया और अपना उल्लू सीधा किया | शूद्र (चमार, भंगी) का हमेशा अपमान एवं तिरस्कार होता था | गाँधी जी को इससे बहुत पीड़ा होती थी | सन १९३२ में जेल में कैद होते समय गाँधी जी जेल में ही 6 दिवसीय अनशन भी किया था | ये गाँधी जी ही थे जिन्होंने भारत में अस्पर्श्यता सम्बन्धी ब्रिटिश प्रस्ताव में संशोधन करने पर अंग्रेजो को मजबूर किया थ |

 

गाँधी जी दक्षिण अफ्रीका में

जब गाँधी जी ने भारत में अपना वकील का करियर शुरू किया तो यहाँ यानि भारत में उन्हें कई दिक्कतें आई और आखिर उन्होंने फैसला लिया की वो अपनी प्रैक्टिस दक्षिण अफ्रीका में करेंगे | गाँधी जी को कानूनी सेवाओं के लिए अफ्रीका में १ साल का कांटेक्ट यानी प्रतिबन्ध भी मिल गया और सन १८९३ में गाँधी जी अफ्रीका के राज्य नेटाल के एक शहर डरबन के लिए रवाना हो गए |

लेकिन जब गाँधी जी दक्षिण अफ्रीका पहुंचे तो वहां उन्हें गोर और काले लोगो के बीच होने वाले नस्लवाद का सामना करना पड़ा | वहां उनके साथ भेद भाव किया जाता था, यहाँ तक की एक बार डरबन में अदालत में गाँधी जी को अपनी सफ़ेद पगड़ी जो उस समय विद्वान् एवं प्रतिष्ठित लोग पहनते थे, उतारने के लिए कहा गया | लेकिन गाँधी जी ने इसका पुरजोर विरोद किया और अदालत छोड़ना सही समझा | गाँधी जी को लेकर इस घटना की उस समय काफी आलोचन भी हुई थी |

एक महत्वपूर्ण घटना जो की बहुत कम भारतीय जानते है, गाँधी जी के साथ उस समय घटित हुई थी जिस समय गाँधी जी प्रिटोरिया में ट्रेन से सफ़र कर रहे थे | हुआ ये कि प्रिटोरिया के स्टेशन पर एक सफ़ेद यानी अंग्रेज ट्रेन में चढ़ा और उसने गाँधी जी से सीट छोड़ने को कहा | गाँधी जी के पास भी टिकेट था, पर विवाद था सीट को लेकर | दोनों में बहस हो गयी और गाँधी जी ने सीट छोड़ने से मन कर दिया | तब कुछ गोरों ने मिलकर गाँधी जी को पित्मेरित्ज्बर्ग के स्टेशन पर ट्रेन से बहार धकेल दिया | इस घटना ने गाँधी जी अन्दर के एक महान क्रांतिकारी को जन्म दिया और तभी गाँधी जी ने कसम खायी कि जिस तरह आज इन गोरों ने मुझे ट्रेन से बहार फेका है, एक दिन वो भारत से इन गोरों को बाहर फेकेंगे और हम सभी जानते हैं की सन १९४७ को गाँधी जी ने अपने अथक प्रयासों से अंग्रेजो को खदेड़ कर अपना संकल्प पूरा किया था | उस रात जब गाँधी जी को ट्रेन से बहार फेका गया था तो गाँधी जी ने पूरी रात यही सोचकर बितायी थी और सन १८९४ में गाँधी जी ने नेटाल भारतीय कांग्रेस का गठन किया था |

 

गाँधी जी का सत्याग्रह और सविनय अविज्ञा आन्दोलन

गाँधी जी अंग्रेजो की नियत को अच्छी तरह जानते और पहचानते थे | गाँधी जी को पता था की ये अंग्रेज इतनी आसानी से उनकी बात नहीं मानने वाले इसलिए गाँधी जी ने समय समय पर अनेक आन्दोलन किये | इन आंदोलनों में असहयोग आन्दोलन और सविनय अविज्ञा आन्दोलन प्रमुख हैं | इन सभी आंदोलनों का जिक्र महात्मा गाँधी की पुस्तकें Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi में मिलता है |

 

 

चम्पारण आन्दोलन – 1917
खेड़ा आन्दोलन – 1917
अहमदाबाद मिल मजदूर आंदोलन – 1918
खिलाफत आन्दोलन – 1920
असहयोग आंदोलन – 1920
नमक आंदोलन (सविनय अवज्ञा आंदोलन) – 1930
भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन – 1942

 

गाँधी जी की हत्या

 

 

३० जनवरी १९४८ को गाँधी जी ७८ वर्ष की उम्र में भूक हड़ताल कर रहे थे | भूक हड़ताल की वजह से गाँधी जी काफी कमजोर हो गए थे और इस कारण वे अपने भतीजो की गोद में लेते हुए थे | दोपहर का समय था, गाँधी जी को बिडला हाउस से जहाँ वे भूक हड़ताल कर रहे थे, वहां से सभा में ले जाया जा रहा था की तभी नाथू राम गोडसे नामक एक हिन्दू कट्टरपनती ने पहले उनके पैर छुए और फिर अपनी पिस्तौल से उनकी छाती में ३ बार गोलिया मारी और गाँधी जी को छलनी छलनी कर दिया | गोडसे को १९४९ में फांसी की सजा सुनाई गयी जबकि उसके साथियों को जिन्होंने उसकी सहायता की थी उम्र कैद की सजा सुनाई गयी |

 

महात्मा गाँधी से सम्बंधित कुछ पुस्तकें

महात्मा गाँधी पर समय समय पर कई विद्वानों ने पुस्तकें लिखी हैं | The words of Gandhi, India of my Dreams, The Essential Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi आदि महात्मा गाँधी पर लिखी पर लिखी कुछ प्रमुख पुस्तकें हैं |

 

महात्मा गांधी के इतिहास (Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi) के बारे में कुछ रोचक तथ्य

1. महात्मा गाँधी को नोबेल शांति पुरूस्कार के लिए ५ बार नामित किया जा चूका था |
2 गाँधी जी ४ महाद्वीपों एवं १२ देशों में सिविल राईट मूवमेंट के लिए जाने जाते हैं |३. महात्मा गाँधी की शव यात्रा ८ किलो मीटर लम्बी थी |
४. ब्रिटिश सरकार ने जिनके खिलाफ उन्होंने आजादी की लड़ाई लड़ी, उनकी मृत्यु के २१ साल बाद उनके नाम पर एक डाक टिकेट जारी किया|

५. गाँधी जी अपने जीवल काल में ओसतन १८ किलो मीटर प्रतिदिन चले जो पूरे विश्व का 2 बार चक्कर काटने के लिए काफी है |
6. महात्मा गाँधी का उनके समकालीन मित्रों टोलस्टाय, आइंस्टीन एवं हिटलर के साथ पत्राचार यानी पत्र के द्वारा बात चीत होती रहती थी |
७. गाँधी जी दांत नकली थे जिन्हें वो अपने साथ रखते थे |

 

तो इस प्रकार हमने इस आर्टिकल के माध्यम से आपको “महात्मा गांधी का इतिहास एवं जीवन परिचय | Mahatma Gandhi History in Hindi के बारे में बताने की पूरी कोशिश करी है | उम्मीद करते हैं आपको ये जानकारी पसंद आई होगी | जल्दी आपसे किसी महान शक्शियत की जानकारी लेकर मिलेंगे |