Aryabhatta Biography, His Inventions, Family, Photo, Wikipedia

Aryabhatta Biography, His Inventions, Family, Photo, Wikipedia

Aryabhatta was a great mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer from ancient India. At that time many Indian scholars, such as Varahamihir, Brahmagupta, Bhaskaracharya, Kamlakar, etc. also include the name of Aryabhata. So today in this article we will discuss Aryabhatta Biography.

Brief introduction of Aryabhata (Aryabhatta Biography)

Born  December, AD 476
Death in December, AD 550 [74 years]
Birthplace  Ashmak, Maharashtra, India
Title Vertical mathematicians, astrologers, and astronomers
Workplace  Nalanda University
Compositions  Aryabhatiya, Aryabhata Theory
Contributed and discovered the zero

Aryabhatta Birth and Early Life

There is no concrete evidence regarding the birth of Aryabhatta, but it is said that at the time of Lord Buddha, some people of the Ashmak nation were settled in the middle of Narmada river and Godavari river in India. It is believed that Aryabhatta was also born in 476 AD at that place.

According to Wikipedia, Aryabhatta was born in Patna in Bihar, whose ancient name was Pataliputra, near which Kusumpur is considered as his birthplace.

Aryabhatta Education

There is not enough information available to historians in this regard, but it is clearly known that Aryabhatta had gone to Kusumpur to get higher education at any time during his lifetime, which was then a famous university for higher education.

Aryabhatta work and contribution

Aryabhata composed many works on mathematics and astronomy, some of these works have become extinct. But even today many compositions are used, such as Aryabhatiya.

What is Aryabhatiya

This is a mathematical form of Aryabhatta, which has a detailed description of arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry. It also includes continuous Fractions, Quadratic Equations, table of Sines, Sums of Power Series, and so on.

Aryabhatta’s work mainly describes this composition [Aryabhatiya]. Probably this name was not even named by Aryabhatt himself, but later reviewers gave it the name. Bhaskar I, who was a disciple of Aryabhatta, used to call this composition the Ashmaka. It is also commonly called Aryabhata’s 108 because it has 108 verses/verses. It is divided into 4 posts or chapters; Those chapters are as follows:

GeetikaPaad [13 verses]
GanitaPad [33 verses],
KaalkriyaPaad [25 verses],
Golpad [50 verses]

Arya – Principle (Arya Siddhanta)

This composition of Aryabhatta is not fully available. But there are descriptions of the use of many astronomical instruments in its residues, such as gnomon, Shadow Instrument, Cylindrical Stick, Umbrella Shaped Device, Water Clock, Angle Measuring Device, Dhanur – Yantra / Chakra Vignan [Semi – Circular / Circular Instrument], etc. In this composition, the Sun Principle has been used. In sun theory, sunrise is neglected and it uses semi-night calculations.

Aryabhatta contribution

Aryabhata contributed a lot in the field of mathematics and astronomy, some of which are as follows:

Contributions as a mathematician (Aryabhatta contribution to mathematics)

Pai’s search history

Aryabhatta discovered the value of pie, the description of it found in Aryabhatiya’s Mathematics volume-10. they wrote:

Add four to one hundred, then multiply by eight, and then add 62,000 and take quotient from 20,000, the answer obtained will be the value of pi meaning i.e.

[(4 + 100) * 8 + 62,000] / 20,000 = 62,832 / 20,000 = 3.1416

The search of zero

History of zero in mathematics – Aryabhata discovered zero, which is the best search for mathematics, due to which calculations are possible because it increases the value of 10 times as long as it is zero after any number.

Trigonometry (Aryabhatta contribution trigonometry)

Aryabhatiya’s mathematical verse 6 speaks of the area of the triangle. Aryabhatt has also considered Concept of Sine, which he has named as ‘Half-Chord’. For simplicity, it is called ‘Sine’.

Algebra (Aryabhatta algebra)


has also described the proper result of the addition of a series of squares and cubes in Aryabhatiya:

12 + 22 + ………… + n2 = [n (n + 1) (2n + 1)] / 6


13 + 23+ ………… .. + n3 = (1 + 2 + ……… .. + n) 2

Contributions as an astronomer (Aryabhatta as an astronomer)

The principles of Aryabhatta’s astronomy are collectively called the Audayaka System. In some of his later creations, it is said that earth revolves around the sun, and they also believed that the orbit of the Earth is not circular, but elliptical.

As an example, if a person is sitting in a boat or train, and when a boat or train moves forward, then it seems to be moving trees, houses, etc. backward, while this does not happen. Similarly, the constant constellation from the moving earth appears to be in the opposite direction. We seem to be so because the earth has rotated on its axis and its mobility creates this illusion.

The Motions of the Solar System

Aryabhatta established that the earth is constantly moving on its axis and here are the reasons that the position of the stars in the sky varies. The exact opposite of this fact is that the sky revolves. They have also described it in Aryabhatiya.

Sidereal Periods

Aryabhatta found the exact time of the revolution of the Earth. Aryabhatta said the earth rotates on its axis, not in exactly 24 hours but it rotates in 23 hours 56 minutes 1 second. Thus, we have 365 days, 6 hours, 12 minutes and 30 seconds in our first year.

So this is Aryabhatta Biography. From the biography, it is clear that really Aryabhatta was the great scientist of India. His inventions were really useful for modern mathematics. If you like this article then please like and share this on Facebook.


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